Know your blood pressure numbers!
Blood pressure is the force of the blood against your blood vessels. You may have noticed that it is represented as 2 numbers (example: 142/84 mmHg) ; the top number is the force when your heart is beating and pushing out the blood to the rest of the body while the bottom number is the force when your heart is resting between two beats.
High blood pressure (also known as hypertension) occurs when the force against the blood vessels is too high (think of pumping too much air into a balloon).
This can damage your heart, brain, kidney, and eyes. People with diabetes are at higher risk because high blood sugar can cause the arteries to become too hard and rigid. The target for people with diabetes is 130/80 mmHg. (Your doctor may also give you an individual target – always ask them what you should be aiming for).
You may have high blood pressure and not even know it, this is why it is so important to have your blood pressure checked at each doctor visit.