When diabetes is not well managed for several years, the high blood glucose can cause damage (complications) to different parts of the body:
– eyes (retinopathy)
-heart and blood vessels
To prevent or delay these complications, follow the ABCDEs of diabetes management:
A1C: an average of your blood glucose control over the past 2-3 months, measured in a percentage. Aim for less than 7.0%.
Blood Pressure: the force of the blood against blood vessels. Aim for less than 130/80mmHg.
Cholesterol: specifically LDL cholesterol (the “lousy” cholesterol). Aim for less than 2.0 mmol/L.
Drugs: medication to protect your heart (ACE-inhibitors or ARB, statins, & aspirin).
Exercise: includes regular exercise but also healthy eating to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight.
smoking: stopping smoking to improve many aspects of your health.